Botulinum toxin, commonly shortened to Botox, is used for several reasons. Some choose to seek Botox treatment for cosmetic purposes, such as wrinkles and face shape, while others receive treatment for various conditions. An important factor in deciding to get Botox is fully understanding how it works, its uses, patient history, and potential risks.
How it Works
Botulinum toxin is one of the most toxic poisons. Botox works by temporarily preventing a muscle from moving and is the most common cosmetic procedure worldwide . An estimate of 3 million people per year receive Botox treatment. The chemical blocks signals from nerves that cause muscle contraction. For example, relaxing facial muscles around the eyes will prevent further wrinkles, like crow's feet. For cosmetic purposes, Botox is most
commonly used for the former, as well as preventing wrinkles on the forehead. Botox treatments are generally safe, and serious side effects are rare with proper use.
How it is Done
Most patients do not feel pain during Botox treatment. Doctors may offer various methods of numbing the area, such as topical anesthesia. A thin needle is used to inject the Botox into the skin or muscle. A doctor decides the number of injections based on the area, treatment purposes, and patient goals. Patients may return to normal activities right after their procedure .
As for health concerns and physical conditions, Botox is most commonly used to treat the following :
● Cervical dystonia (involuntary neck muscle contractions)
● Lazy eye
● Muscle contractures (neurological conditions like cerebral palsy)
● Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)
● Chronic migraine (more than 15 days a month)
● Bladder dysfunction
● Eye twitching