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Impact of Smoking on Organs


Several religious views regard tobacco as a "holy herb" and a "God's remedy." Nicotiana is a plant in the Solanaceae family with distinctive tubular flowers and viscid foliage. Genus flowers and leaves differ in size and shape, so there are roughly 60 species of the genus. Nicotiana Rustica is native to the West Indies, while Nicotiana tobacco comes from South America. Nicotiana differs from other plants by having a volatile, colorless, and oily liquid called Nicotine More deaths are caused by tobacco than all HIV and illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and homicides combined. Among smokers, the death rate is 14 years earlier than nonsmokers. More deaths and cancers are caused by tobacco smoking in developing countries than in developed ones. Tobacco-related deaths will account for 70 percent of all deaths in developing countries [1].


As the most common malignant tumor globally, lung cancer is aggressive and heterogeneous [1]. All cells in the body receive oxygen from the lungs, which aid us in breathing and providing a supply of oxygen. As a result, smoking harms these organs. In addition to spreading to distant parts of the body, lung cancer also invades neighboring tissues. This is the most common cancer worldwide, accounting for over 80% of cancers [1].


Both developed and developing nations can avoid millions of deaths and illnesses caused by smoking. As the rate of smoking has declined in the United States over the past forty years, it has gradually become a social exclusion target. Many states have taken bold measures to protect residents from the harmful effects of tobacco products [2]. Those who have smoked have a lower survival rate and higher morbidity after transplanting their lungs, hearts, and kidneys. Medical and ethical problems are associated with organs obtained from such donors [3]. A candidate's consent must be obtained to balance the risks associated with their organs with the risk of losing their life or becoming untranslatable without them. There is a higher risk of chronic kidney disease in lung recipients who have previously smoked. The decline in the glomerular filtration rate is more rapid in former smokers than nonsmokers [3].


Chemicals primarily cause smoking and nonsmoking deaths in cigarette smoke. Plants can treat most diseases [1]. Mangroves are promising as a novel source of anti-cancer drugs in regulating cancer pathways and stimulating immunity in the body’s system. In addition to demonstrating that mangrove medicine affects cancer, the scientific study of mangroves as a cancer treatment method has also provided essential methods for studying cancer treatment mechanisms [1].


References:

1. Singh, C. R., & Kathiresan, K. (2015, March 24). Effect of cigarette smoking on human health and promising remedy by mangroves. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. Retrieved March 6, 2022, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169115303373

2. Gometz, E. D. (2011, January 1). Health effects of smoking and the benefits of quitting. Journal of Ethics | American Medical Association. Retrieved March 6, 2022, from https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/health-effects-smoking-and-benefits-quitting/2011-01

3. Corbett, C., Armstrong, M., & Neuberger, J. (2012). Tobacco smoking and solid organ transplantation: Transplantation. LWW. Retrieved March 6, 2022, from https://journals.lww.com/transplantjournal/Fulltext/2012/11270/Tobacco_Smoking_and_Solid_Organ_Transplantation.1.aspx


 

Contributors:

Author: Rayven Hall

Editors: Lauryn Agron and Terin Buckley

Health scientist: Rayven Hall


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